Periodontal disease is one of the most common Infections that affects the adults above the age of 30 in the United States in the rest of the world. The only other infection more prevalent than periodontal diesel is common cold.
This is also one of the major causes of adult tooth loss. The incidences of periodontal disease increases with age.
All disorders of the Gum and other supporting structure of the teeth are called periodontal disease.
It can be classified under two categories depending on the severity of the disease.
- Early stage periodontal disease
- Advanced stage periodontal disease
Advanced stage only arrives if the early stage disease is not controlled effectively.
1. Early Stage Periodontal Disease
The early stages of the periodontal disease is characterized by the plaque formation on the gums. The condition is called gingivitis.
The sticky deposits of bacteria mucus and food particles adheres to the teeth to form plaque. Accumulation of the plaque around the teeth cause the gum to become infected and swollen. As the gums swell the pockets form between the gums and the teeth add still more plaque.
Gingivitis can also be caused by wrong breathing particularly in those people who wear prostheses. When these people breathe through mouth the badly fitting feelings and prostheses irritate surrounding gum tissues.
Genetics also play a vital role in development of gingivitis and other periodontal diseases.
Gingivitis is generally painless however in some cases there is a pain. The gums can become red soft and Shiny and they can bleed easily.
2. Advanced Stage Periodontal Disease
Following are the major risk factors for advanced periodontal disease pyorrhea.
- Improper brushing
- Poor nutrition
- High sugar intake
- Drug abuse
- Chronic illness
- Blood disease
In addition to the above factors if you have deficiency of Vitamin C bioflavonoids iron calcium or niacin.
If you are a smoker then you are more susceptible to pyorrhea and tooth loss.
Your pyorrhea conditioncan get worst by toothbrush trauma, teeth grinding, food impaction, tongue thrusting and missing teeth.
Early Warning Sign of Advanced Periodontal Disease
Following are some of the signs and symptoms that reflects severe periodontal disease.
- Loose teeth is usually a clear sign underlying periodontal disease
- Dry mouth is also an early warning signal
- Red swollen gums
- Tenderness of the gums
- Teeth grinding
- Any change in the teeth fitting
- Change in the fitting of partial denture
- Bleeding gumms during brushing and flossing
- Gums pulled away from the teeth
If you are suffering from nutrient deficiency then your mouth in the first place where you will see the symptoms.
Various deficiencies can be seen inside your mouth as under
- Vitamin C deficiency - bleeding gums
- Vitamin B2 deficiency - dryness and cracking at the corner of the mouth
- Allergic reactions - Dry or cracked lips
- Stress - Raw red mouth
- Anemia - smooth reddish younger
- Cancer - sores under the tongue are early warning sign
Home Remedies for Periodontal Disease
Most of these herbs have been in use for treating dental problems for ages. They are specifically good for periodontal disease.
Tea tree oil
In addition to use of these remedies you must control your diet for improved nutrition and better dental health.